Making Matches

Word 4 Word

In origin the agrarian myth was not a popular but a literary idea, a preoccupation of the upper classes, of those who enjoyed a classical education, read pastoral poetry, experimented with breeding stock, and owned plantations or country estates.

The passage suggests that the agrarian myth originated:

A in literature.

B on country estates in Europe.

C on small farms owned and worked by yeoman farmers.

D among the urban elite who romanticized the virtues of the simple life of the farmer

Word 4 Word and Synonym/Antonym

Its hero was the yeoman farmer, its central conception the notion that he is the ideal man and the ideal citizen. Unstinted praise of the special virtues of the farmer and the special values of rural life was coupled with the assertion that agriculture, as a calling uniquely productive and uniquely important to society, had a special right to the concern and protection of government. The yeoman, who owned a small farm and worked it with the aid of his family, was the incarnation of the simple, honest, independent, healthy, happy human being. Because he lived in close communion with beneficent nature, his life was believed to have a wholesomeness and integrity impossible for the depraved populations of cities.

Based on the passage, the agrarian myth assumes that:

  1. yeoman farmers are wholesome and honest. (Honest and wholesomeness)
  2. yeoman farmers are morally superior to most citizens. (Depraved, ideal)
  3. agriculture deserves special treatment from the government.

A I only

B I and II only

C II and III only

D I, II, and III

Type To Type

The Portrait of Gertrude Stein (1906) stands out as an indicator of this transformation: Picasso asked his subject to remain for over eighty sittings. Then he went away for the summer, annihilated the recognizable facial features, and finished the portrait away from Stein, substituting masklike features for realistic ones. (Chastised because the portrait did not look like Stein, Picasso reportedly responded with one of the notable artistic one-liners of the century: “Don’t worry, it will.”)

Which of the following innovative forms of art that are identified with Picasso most clearly exemplifies his own implied goals?

A Sculptures constructed of various surprising “found objects”

B “Blue period” paintings with muted colors and elongated figures

C Plates decorated with boldly colored, simply indicated faces

D Single-tone paintings with “hard-edged” multifaceted perspectives


The regular holding of deliberative assemblies of a thousand members encounters the gravest difficulties in respect to room and distance; from the topographical point of view, such an assembly would become altogether impossible if the members numbered ten thousand. Even if we imagined the means of communication to become much better than those that now exist, how would it be possible to assemble such a multitude in a given place, at a stated time, and with the frequency demanded by the exigencies of political life?

Which of the following statements from the passage most strongly indicates that the passage was written prior to the twenty-first century?

A.“The regular holding of deliberative assemblies of a thousand members encounters the gravest difficulties in respect of room and distance. . . .”

B.“The crowd . . . is . . . readily influenced by the eloquence of popular orators.”

C.“[T]hese same assemblies, if divided into small sections, . . . would be much more guarded in their assent.”

D.“The sovereign masses are incapable of undertaking the most necessary resolutions.”